Article 1, Volume 3 Issue 2

Accounting ratio-based predictions: an analysis of the relationship between indicators of financial health and those of accounting manipulation


Joan Llobet-Dalmases – (Universitat Oberta de Catalunya)

Dolors Plana-Erta – (Universitat Oberta de Catalunya)

Àngels Fitó-Bertran – (Universitat Oberta de Catalunya)

Received May 1, 2017; accepted May 29, 2017


Against a backdrop of global accounting harmonization, financial information is required to be useful and trustworthy for investors and other users. This study contributes to establishing whether there is a relationship between the Z-score model for predicting financial distress and the Z Vladu model for predicting earnings manipulation. Both models discriminate between companies using financial statement ratios. Extracting data from the Sistema de Análisis de Balances Ibéricos (Iberian Accounts Analysis System, or SABI) database for medium-sized and large Spanish companies for the period 2005 to 2015, both summary indicators have been calculated and descriptive and bivariate analyses have been performed. The results show that there is a relationship between both indicators, albeit a weak one.

En un contexto de armonización contable global, se requiere que la información financiera sea útil y confiable para los inversores y otros usuarios. Este estudio contribuye a establecer si existe una relación entre el modelo Z-score para predecir dificultades financieras y el modelo Z Vladu para predecir la manipulación de ganancias. Ambos modelos discriminan entre compañías que usan índices de estados financieros. Extrayendo datos de la base de datos del Sistema de Análisis de Balances Ibéricos (SABI) para empresas españolas medianas y grandes para el período 2005 a 2015, se han calculado indicadores resumidos y se han realizado análisis descriptivos y bivariados. Los resultados muestran que existe una relación entre ambos indicadores, aunque sea débil.


Llobet-Dalmases, J., Plana, D., & Fito, M. (2017). Accounting ratio-based predictions: an analysis of the relationship between indicators of financial health and those of accounting manipulation. European Accounting and Management Review3(2).



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